High-resolution wind data flow can help predict local severe weather and storm formation as well as generally improving weather forecasts saving time and lives.
Spurred on by volcanic ash disasters, met agencies now need a definitive and unambiguous complement to satellite data and numerical weather forecasting models to identify, locate, characterize, and quantify upper clouds, aerosol plumes and volcanic ash clouds from near ground levels all the way to the top of the troposphere.
In parallel, there is a growing interest at International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) level for Lidar networks in the monitoring of cloud cover and ash plume dispersion to ensure airspace safety.
Short-term weather forecasting is extremely important for all economic activities impacted by weather and pollution, such as fog, haze, smog and other critical pollution events. These forecasts have been greatly improved thanks to the ability of Lidars to monitor highly accurately the first vertical layers of the atmosphere, which are not covered by standard ground observations.
Met agencies need to monitor all meteorological and atmospheric parameters such as wind, turbulence, clouds and aerosols so they can contribute to efficient and effective crisis management assistance by public authorities and private companies.